Two simple things a child should know about multiplication

To help secure multiplication (and to start the ball rolling with division) explain to a child that;

3 x 5 is the same as 5 x 3

Explain that 3 x 5 is the same as 5 + 5 + 5

… and that 5 x 3 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3

It works well to draw these up on a whiteboard and ask the child to replay this explanation with different and easier numbers, e.g. 2 x 3.

Why is this useful?

This is useful because a child might be able to remember a multiplication which rhymes – e.g. 6 x 8 = 48, so it makes sense to remember that 8 x 6 has the same answer even though it doesn’t rhyme.